Sunday, November 22, 2015

Jessie Mae's DNA Results



As most of the family knows I purchased a 23andme.com DNA test for Maw Maw and Paw Paw. 
Click here for Paw Paw's results and the reason for the test.


So, without further ado, here are Jessie Mae's results.

Jessie Mae Boudoin



Autosomal DNA: 




Similar to my grandfather's results, we were shocked there was not a higher percentage of Native American DNA. We were only a little surprised with the high proportion of European DNA. However, I took a second look at the Boudoin family tree and realized of Jessie Mae's 14 great-great-grandparents, 5 of them are European, and 3 are described as mulatto. So, we can see a long line of race-mixing. The most recent full-blooded European ancestor was Pierre Jacque Caire, a French immigrant. Here is his story.



Paternal DNA: 



Only males carry a Y-chromosome, which for a genetic genealogist reveals deep ancestral history. It reveals information along the direct paternal line. In Maw Maw's case, it is the lineage of the Boudoin line. Unfortunately, Uncle G passed away, so I was unable to test him. But any male from his line is able to test so we can confirm this line. But, I was able to connect with a distant cousin through the Boudoin line. Here are his results:


From my research, I have been able to identify that the Boudoin's were native to France. Our branch migrated in the early 1700s to New Orleans and later St. Charles Parish. 


How do you spell that? 
The big debate in the Boudoin family is the "proper spelling" of the surname. The earliest records I can find show it as Baudoin. Our branch spells it Boudoin. However, we also have cousins who spell it Boudouin. As the story goes, after Uncle G joined the military someone told him he was spelling his name incorrectly and so the additional "u" was inserted. Not having much formal education, he assumed they were correct. This variation has been used ever since by his branch and by one of the sisters. I think it's important for the branches to know we are all kin, despite a variety of surname spellings. 


Why are we of color? 
A century later, Antoine Boudoin (Baudoin) (Jessie Mae's 2nd great-grandfather) married Celestine Lagrange, a manumitted woman of color who started our line of Boudoins who made their home in Saint John the Baptist Parish. 
(Click here for more on their story.)  



Maternal DNA: 




By far my favorite discovery for Jessie Mae's test was her maternal DNA. Our direct maternal line originated in the Sahel region of Africa. This is important because in Louisiana history, the French took people from this region directly into Louisiana in the early sixteenth century. 


The major ethnic groups from this region include the Barbara, the Mandingo (Mandinka), the Fulbe (Fulani), the Wolof and the Moors. All of these groups have been identified through Louisiana slave records. Present day, this region encompasses the modern nations of Senegal, the Gambia, Mauritania, and Mali. 

Julie Burcard Thomas

Our oldest female ancestor whom I have been able to identify is Julie Burcard. She was a woman who was enslaved in St. John the Baptist Parish. She lived to see her freedom and that of her children. Interestingly, she too was listed as a mulatto. Click here for more on Julie




Maw Maw's DNA results reveal our Louisiana Creole heritage through French fathers and Senegambian mothers. I guess the history books got something right after all.